These forgotten programming languages are lost in the history of the modern tech industry
Since the beginning of the 2000s, the programming landscape has changed entirely. More and more computing machines started shipping with multiple processors, even individual processors had more than one core. This shift in the nature of computing infrastructure made it crucial for the development of programming languages that would take full advantage of the new processor architecture, and also easily simulate with the new emerging technologies. But among these new emerging programming languages, there are also several forgotten programming languages that reigned the domain of coding and programming and are forgotten due to the emergence of trendy and modern languages. Some of the old programming languages are vulnerable to changes in technology. With new powerful technological innovations requiring more complex programming languages, the relevance of these old programming languages has diminished. But, in this article, we enlisted the top forgotten programming languages of 2022 you should know about.
Cobol was initially shaped by the business and science split in computing. At that time high-level industry languages were either used for engineering computations or managing data. Earlier, Cobol was one of the mother languages, along with Algol, Fortran, and Lisp. Earlier, it was considered one of the most popular programming languages in the world. It still runs in several business legacy systems, but currently, Cobol is going out of fashion in this modern tech industry.
Algol is a family of imperative computer programming languages that heavily influenced several other languages and was the standard method for algorithm description used by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), used in textbooks and academic sources for more than 30 years. But it was a research language and not a commercial language. It was designed for studying algorithms, hence, it passed out of trend after the emergence of modern programming languages.
APL is quite an old programming language whose central datatype is a multidimensional array. The language used a large range of special graphic symbols to represent most functions and operators, leading to very concise code. APL had quite an important influence on the development of concept modeling, spreadsheets, functional programming, and computer math packages.
Erlang is primarily known for its support of concurrency, distribution, and fault tolerance. It earned recognition in the domain of telecommunications, then spread its dominance over the banking and e-commerce space, among several others. However, the presence of its steep learning curve along with the availability of other alternatives diminished its popularity over the past few years.
Haskell is one of the oldest statistically typed general-purpose programming languages that was created mostly for tackling symbolic computations and processing applications and was favored chiefly in the industrial application and research domains. Although researchers and some academic fields still use Haskell but the emergence of Python and Go programming languages has dominated the extent of Haskell in recent years.
Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that was the standard programming language supporting Apple for developing macOS and iOS applications using their APIs, and other applications. But sadly Apple is replacing Objective-C with Swift for further advanced development operations.
Visual Basic is a user-friendly programming language that was initially designed for beginners and enabled them to develop GUI window applications easily. VB has been quite popular for being a long-standing and commonly used programming language for Windows-based application development. Despite its strong community and the curious spike in popularity, the language gradually sunk in the history of the tech industry.
Perl was launched around the 1980s as a scripting language designed for Unix system administration tasks and subsequently gained popularity as a general-purpose programming language. Currently, the use of Perl remains quite consistent in crucial tech domains like data science and analytics. But it is considered as one of the forgotten programming languages, the future version of Perl is expected to be confined to legacy codebases.
Ada is mostly a dead programming language that mostly lives on legacy systems. The language aimed to replace the hundreds of languages used by the US Department of Defence. The programming language is complex, but its goals were quite ambitious. It is still used in some critical systems, along with a minority of projects and functions.
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